General information

Hungary has a tax-funded universal healthcare system. Expats who are working or studying in Hungary are covered under the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary (NEAK) through mandatory contributions usually paid by the individual’s employer. To be able to access various health care services (GPs, specialists, dentists, or hospitals) free of charge, one needs to have a Hungarian health insurance card, known as a Társadalombiztosítási Azonosító Jel (TAJ) Kártya, usually solicited by the employer prior to the expat’s arrival to the country. Nonetheless, even without a TAJ card, all foreigners, including tourists, are automatically covered for first aid and emergency treatment in Hungary. In addition, residents of the European Union, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland, who are entitled to health care of the national health services or mandatory health insurance scheme of their respective countries of residence, can receive in Hungary the health care

  • which becomes necessary
  • on medical grounds
  • during temporary stay in Hungary
  • considering the nature of the benefits required and the expected length of stay.

The treatment, which becomes medically necessary during the patient’s temporary stay in Hungary is free of charge. For getting the treatment in the same conditions as Hungarian insured persons, a European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) or the Provisional Replacement Certificate (PRC) must be submitted to the health care provider. The EHIC must be issued in the individual’s respective country and is available free of charge. Citizens from non-EU or non-EEA countries should find out whether there is a reciprocal arrangement for free medical care between their country and Hungary. Relevant information is available on the websites of the respective countries’ embassies. For more detailed information on health care services available during temporary stay in Hungary, check out the following document prepared by the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary (NEAK).

Those who would like to access an even wider range of health care services might consider purchasing private health insurance.


General practitioners (háziorvos) are the first point of contact in accessing health care services in Hungary, since they provide referrals to specialists and, if necessary, to a hospital. Therefore, it is important to register with the GP of your respective district when you arrive in Hungary.


Debrecen has two public hospitals (kórház): the Kenézy Gyula Teaching Hospital and the Clinical Center of the University of Debrecen.


In case of emergency, call 112 or go to the Emergency Clinics of the Clinical Centre of the University of Debrecen. You do not need a referral to be seen by a doctor and emergency care is provided free of charge to all Hungarians and foreigners, regardless of their nationality.

Debrecen has 56 pharmacies scattered around the city. They supply medications you can buy either over the counter or with a valid prescription issued by your Hungarian GP or specialist.

Basic dental health services are covered by national health insurance, excluding specialised dental care. You should visit the dental practice that belongs to your district, although you are also allowed to see other dentists if they approve so. Basic dental services can be used without a referral, while specialised care, including oral surgery, orthodontia, the treatment of periodontal diseases, child specialist care and dental x-rays can only be provided with a referral from a regular dentist.